New spatial and social requirements are changing workspace dynamics, including redesigning the architecture of production. Local and national governments are giving new attention to dynamics between production, creative economies and the urban context. The effects of digitalisation and servitisation, the advent of Industry 4.0, new attention paid to craft and a culture of making and the role of knowledge and creative economies undermine the separation between urban and industrial space, restrictive zoning practices, emphasising the role of production in urban dynamics.
This research identifies the Incubator model as a strategy for the reuse of vacant industrial buildings as space for urban manufacturing and creative industries. The model, based on the coexistence in the same building of different stakeholders and production facilities, has been recognised as a strategic urban component, a catalyst of local development strategies, community enhancement and new business creation.